Kom English Lexicon

Table of Possessives1

 

Noun

Class

Example

1st Sg.

2nd Sg.

3rd Sg.

1st Pl. Excl.

1st Pl. Incl.2

2nd Pl.

3rd Pl.

1

wayn

child

()3 wom

my child

() va

your child

() weyn

his child

() wes

our child

() ghesna

our child

() vz

your child

() aena

their child

2

woyn

children

() ghem

() ghya

() weyn

() ghes()

() ghesna

() ghi

() aena

3

lwe

bamboo

() wom

() va

() weyn

() wes()

() ghesna

() vz

() aena

4

ile

bamboos

yemi

z

i weyn

yesi

i ghesna

z

i aena

5

isa corn (sg.)

ibi kola nut

yemi

z

i weyn

yesi

i ghesna

z

i aena

6

asa

corn (pl.)

a kema

a kya

a weyn

a kesa

a ghesna

a ki-a

a aena

7

atam

elephant

a kema

a kya

a weyn

a kesa

a ghesna

a ki-a

a aena

8

twam

elephants

wom

va

weyn

wes()

ghesna

vz

aena

9

b

dog

() yem

() zya

() weyn

() yes

() ghesna

() z

() aena

10

bs

dogs

() sems

() syas

s weyn

() seys

s ghesna

() ss

s aena

13

tbi

kola nuts

() temt

() tyat

t weyn

() teyt

t ghesna

() tst

t aena

19

ftam

fruit (sg.)

() femf

() fyaf

f weyn

() feyf

f ghesna

() fsf

f aena

6a

mtam

fruit (pl.)

() mem

() mya

m weyn

() mes

m ghesna

() mz

m aena

1 In the possessive noun phrase, the possessive is linked to the noun it modifies by an associative marker, e.g., asa a kema my corn.  2 In order to obtain the 1st Dual (1st Sg. + 2nd Sg.), substitute ghesva for ghesna3 The associative marker vowel () is sometimes not pronounced, but its tone remains, e.g., wayn wom my child becomes wayn wom.


 

Table of Possessive Pronouns2

 

Noun

Class

Example

1st Sg.

2nd Sg.

3rd Sg.

1st Pl. Excl.

1st Pl. Incl.2

2nd Pl.

3rd Pl.

1

wayn

child

wom

mine

va

yours

wu weyn

his

wes

ours

wu ghesna

ours

vz

yours

wu aena

theirs

2

woyn

children

ghem

ghya

gh weyn

ghes

gh ghesna

ghi

gh aena

3

lwe

bamboo

wom

va

wu weyn

wes

wu ghesna

vz

wu aena

4

ile

bamboos

iyemi

iz

iyi weyni

iyesi

iyi ghesna

iz

iyi aena

5

isa corn (sg.)

ibi kola nut

iyemi

iz

iyi weyni

iyesi

iyi ghesna

iz

iyi aena

6

asa

corn (pl.)

akema

akya

ak weyna

akesa

ak ghesna

aki-a

ak aena

7

atam

elephant

akema

akya

ak weyna

akesa

ak ghesna

aki-a

ak aena

8

twam

elephants

wom

va

wu weyn

wes

wu ghesna

vz

wu aena

9

b

dog

yem

zya

y weyn

yes

y ghesna

z

y aena

10

bs

dogs

sems

syas

s weyns

seys

s ghesnas

ss

s aenas

13

tbi

kola nuts

temt

tyat

t weynt

teyt

t ghesnat

tst

t aenat

19

ftam

fruit (sg.)

femf

fyaf

f weynf

feyf

f ghesnaf

fsf

f aenaf

6a

mtam

fruit (pl.)

mem

mya

m weyn

mes

m ghesna

mz

m aena

2 Possessive pronouns are used in place of possessive noun phrases, e.g., akema mine (referring to corn) replaces asa a kema my corn.  2 In order to obtain the 1st Pl. Dual (1st Sg. + 2nd Sg.), substitute ghesva for ghesna.


 

Table of Subject and Object3 Pronouns plus Relative Pronouns2

 

Noun

Class

Example

1st Person

Subject              Object

2nd Person

Subject              Object

3rd Person

Subject              Object

Relative

Pronouns

1

wayn

child

ma / m3

ma

wa

va

wu

weyn

vz a

who

2

woyn

children

ghesna

ghesna

yi

z

aena

aena

gh a

who

3

lwe

bamboo

 

 

 

 

wu

weyn

vz a

which

4

ile

bamboos

 

 

 

 

yi

nyeyni

z a

5

isa corn (sg.)

ibi kola nut

 

 

 

 

yi

nyeyni

z a

6

asa

corn (pl.)

 

 

 

 

k

ankeyn(a)

k a

7

atam

elephant

 

 

 

 

k

ankeyn(a)

k a

8

twam

elephants

 

 

 

 

wu

weyn

vz a

9

b

dog

 

 

 

 

y

nyeyn

z a

10

bs

dogs

 

 

 

 

s

nseyns

ss a

13

tbi

kola nuts

 

 

 

 

t

nteynt

tst a

19

ftam

fruit (sg.)

 

 

 

 

f

nfeynf

fsf a

6a

mtam

fruit (pl.)

 

 

 

 

m

meyn

mz a

3 Direct and indirect objects, objects of prepositions. 2 With a location or time, the relative pronoun ghe a is used, e.g., ale ghe a place where. 3 Ma is contracted with the temporal aspect marker nn in the present tense and is written as M n-.


 

Table of Demonstratives

 

Noun

Class

Example

near to the speaker, though not necessarily to the hearer,

yet visible to both

a bit removed from both the speaker and the hearer,

yet visible to both

not present but known to both the speaker and the hearer.

Or, present and near the hearer, but a bit removed from speaker

 

 

adjective

pronoun

adjective

pronoun

adjective

pronoun

1

wayn

child

weyn

this child

weyn

this one

vz

that child

vz

that one

vz

that child

vz

that one

2

woyn

children

gheyn

these children

gheyn

these ones

ghi / z

those children

ghi

those ones

gh

those children

gh

those ones

3

lwe

bamboo

weyn

weyn

vz

vz

vz

vz

4

ile

bamboos

yeyn

iyeyn

z

iz

z

iz

5

isa corn (sg.)

ibi kola nut

yeyn

iyeyn

z

iz

z

iz

6

asa

corn (pl.)

keyna

akeyna

ki

aki

k

ak

7

atam

elephant

keyna

akeyna

ki

aki

k

ak

8

twam

elephants

weyn

weyn

vz

vz

vz

vz

9

b

dog

yeyn

yeyn

z

z

z

z

10

bs

dogs

seyns

seyns

sis

sis

ss

ss

13

tbi

kola nuts

teynt

teynt

tsit

tsit

tst

tst

19

ftam

fruit (sg.)

feynf

feynf

fsif

fsif

fsf

fsf

6a

mtam

fruit (pl.)

meyn

meyn

mz / mi

mz / mi

mz / m

mz / m